Evaporation and Transpiration

Solar energy heats water in the oceans and on land. That water evaporates into the atmosphere, where it eventually condenses as clouds. A very small fraction of the energy that goes into raising the water up to the height of clouds is that which is already present in the biosphere above sea level as gravitaitonal potential energy.

Average Efficiency: 0.95%


Carrier Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s) Citations
Fresh Water 2.700e+13 0.000e+00
Sunlight 4.100e+16 0.000e+00
TOTAL 4.103e+16 0.000e+00


Carrier Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s) Citations
Clouds 3.900e+14 0.000e+00
TOTAL 3.900e+14 0.000e+00