Petroleum Refining

Conversion of crude oil to petroleum products including gasoline, diesel, kerosine, naptha, liquefied petroleum gas (mostly propane). Some methane is produced in the process, but it is usually used onsite in the refinery. Petroleum coke is also produced, some of which is used onsite, some is exported as an energy feedstock, and some is returned to the lithosphere.

Average Efficiency: 82.69%


Carrier Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s) Citations
Electricity 5.000e+10 0.000e+00
Pipeline Natural Gas 6.118e+10 9.086e+05
Extracted Petroleum 5.388e+12 1.013e+08
TOTAL 5.499e+12 1.022e+08


Carrier Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s) Citations
Atmosphere 0.000e+00 1.732e+07
Propane 1.857e+11 3.119e+06
Naptha 2.975e+11 5.355e+06
Gasoline, Diesel, Kerosine 4.064e+12 7.640e+07
TOTAL 4.547e+12 1.022e+08