Metal Ore Mining

Extraction of metal ores (usually oxides of iron, aluminum, copper, etc.) from the lithosphere. This activity excludes mining of uranium or, as uranium is mined for its exergy content while metal ores are mined for their material content.

Average Efficiency: 43.51%


Carrier Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s) Citations
Pipeline Natural Gas 6.222e+09 9.240e+04
Mined Coal 7.350e+09 2.205e+05
Electricity 1.100e+10 0.000e+00
Gasoline, Diesel, Kerosine 1.163e+10 2.186e+05
Unmined Metal Ore 3.045e+10 0.000e+00
TOTAL 6.665e+10 5.315e+05


Carrier Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s) Citations
Atmosphere 0.000e+00 5.315e+05
Mined Metal Ore 2.900e+10 0.000e+00
TOTAL 2.900e+10 5.315e+05