Metal Manufacturing

Conversion of metal-ore feedstocks (usually oxides of metals) into iron, steel, aluminum, copper and other pure or alloy metals.

Average Efficiency: 49.75%

INPUTS

Carrier Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s) Citations
Steam 5.018e+09 0.000e+00
Mined Metal Ore 2.200e+10 0.000e+00
Pipeline Natural Gas 1.037e+11 1.540e+06
Electricity 1.600e+11 0.000e+00
Mined Coal 2.520e+11 7.560e+06
TOTAL 5.427e+11 9.100e+06

OUTPUT

Carrier Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s) Citations
Atmosphere 0.000e+00 9.100e+06
Metals 2.700e+11 0.000e+00
TOTAL 2.700e+11 9.100e+06