Limits to Wind Power Utilization

Publication Type Journal Article
Year 1979
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Primary Author Gustavson, M. R.
Volume 204
Issue 4388
Pages 13 - 17
URL http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/204/4388/13
DOI 10.1126/science.204.4388.13
Abstract As wind energy receives increasing attention it is important to understand the noneconomic factors limiting the total power that can be extracted from the wind. These factors are examined here with a macroscopic approach. An upper global limit of 1.3 x 1014 watts is arrived at with a sublimit of 2 x 1012 watts for the continental United States. Some general conclusions are also reached regarding the sites that would have to be utilized to achieve these levels. Even within these limits, wind energy is seen to offer a potential far larger than many other self-renewing energy sources.
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