Atmosphere

This is the catch-all for carbon emissions as well as the carrier to carbon uptake by plants, ocean, etc.

ACCUMULATION

Name Energy (J) Exergy (J) Carbon (g) Year Active
Atmospheric Carbon 0.000e+00 0.000e+00 8.000e+17 2004 true

SOURCES

Transformation Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s) Citations
Cooking 0.000e+00 2.755e+07
Manufacturing 0.000e+00 1.446e+07
Road and Rail Vehicles 0.000e+00 4.242e+07
Aircraft 0.000e+00 6.277e+06
Ships 0.000e+00 5.524e+06
Metabolism 0.000e+00 1.522e+07
Hydrocarbon Oxidation 0.000e+00 7.800e+05
Plant Decay 0.000e+00 1.758e+09 The Global Carbon Cycle, Integrating Humans, Climate and the Natural World
Volcanoes 0.000e+00 3.171e+06 The Global Carbon Cycle, Integrating Humans, Climate and the Natural World
Landfills 0.000e+00 2.112e+07
Pipeline Pumping Stations 0.000e+00 1.278e+06
Coal Mining 0.000e+00 5.966e+06
Coalbed Fires 0.000e+00 2.993e+06 Environmental monitoring of coal fires in north China. Project Identification Mission Report
River Offgassing 0.000e+00 3.600e+07 The Global Carbon Cycle, Integrating Humans, Climate and the Natural World
Oil and Gas Extraction 0.000e+00 5.048e+06
Metal Ore Mining 0.000e+00 5.315e+05
Coal-Fired Power Plants 0.000e+00 6.921e+07
Coal Conversion 0.000e+00 8.002e+06
Natural Gas Purification 0.000e+00 7.934e+06 IEA Energy Statistics
Natural Gas Fired Power Plants 0.000e+00 1.175e+07
Oil-Fired Power Plants 0.000e+00 5.365e+06
Methane Regasification 0.000e+00 1.478e+04
Petroleum Refining 0.000e+00 1.732e+07
Chemical Production 0.000e+00 8.665e+06
Agriculture 0.000e+00 9.026e+07
Charcoal Production 0.000e+00 1.697e+06
Food Processing 0.000e+00 8.610e+06
Forestry and Milling 0.000e+00 6.314e+07
Paper Manufacturing 0.000e+00 3.305e+06
Biodiesel Production 0.000e+00 3.059e+04
Ethanol Production 0.000e+00 1.324e+06
Metal Manufacturing 0.000e+00 9.100e+06
Cement and Glass Production 0.000e+00 1.624e+07
Biomass-Fired Power Plants 0.000e+00 1.286e+06
Steam Production 0.000e+00 9.269e+06
Distribution Loss 0.000e+00 5.067e+05
Waste Processing 0.000e+00 9.061e+05
Lighting 0.000e+00 8.545e+05
Space Heating 0.000e+00 1.823e+07
Water Heating 0.000e+00 5.312e+06
TOTAL 0.000e+00 2.305e+09

SINKS

Transformation Exergy Flux (J/s) Carbon Flux (g/s)
Photosynthesis 0.000e+00 2.250e+09
CO2 Dissolution 0.000e+00 9.000e+07
Rock Weathering 0.000e+00 6.000e+06
TOTAL 0.000e+00 2.346e+09